Often people consider hyperactivity to be a disease. It’s not a disease, but just a state of being oddly and abnormally active. A hyperactive child usually finds it a struggle to adjust in a group or social circle. Other children also face difficulty to be around someone who is hyperactive. There is a lot of unutilized energy which causes a state of depression and anxiety if not dissipated. It is very difficult to stay put. There is a constant need to do something. Hyperactive persons may develop low self-esteem or problems due to their inability to stay still and concentrate on one single activity.
This leads stress building up among student-teacher relationships, strain with friends and chaos in the family environment. Also, hyperactive children find difficulties in finishing schoolwork. Unable to fit in social groups, the depressed child might get involved in bad company or use of drugs and alcohol intake. Hyperactivity is a classic sign of attention seeking behavior otherwise known as ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). So, the parents and teachers should try creative and encouraging strategies like playing while doing some activity, taking time breaks, giving second chances while dealing with a hyperactive child.
Different characteristic behaviors shown by hyperactive children are:
Talking constantly or frequently
Bumping into things
Being easily distracted
Trouble sitting quietly
Blurting things out
Adults with hyperactivity issues may show the following behavior:
Difficulty in concentrating at work
A short span of attention
The inability to retain information such as remembering names, numbers or places becomes hard.
Impact of Hyperactivity
Hyperactivity means having trouble to maintain attention, showing impulsive behavior, increased activity, talking constantly, moving continuously. A child is very difficult to manage because of his inability to concentrate on whatever is being told and taught. He is very aggressive physically and exuberant emotionally. Instead of blaming the child and punishing him/her a parent/guide/teacher should understand that many medical conditions can lead to such kind of behavior.
Apart from many other medical conditions, ADHD is listed on the top that frequently comes under suspicion when a child is shown a hyperactive behavior. ADHD is a brain-based disorder that causes the children to become overactive, inattentive, and impulsive. These children start behaving weird and needy, which becomes difficult for parents to manage. They start doing activities like keep moving around, talking too much, etc. Although ADHD is diagnosed earlier in life during childhood, some people may experience ADHD as adults.
Other causes for hyperactivity include:
Central Nervous System disorders
Emotional/ psychological disorders
Hyperactivity can be managed with behavioral intervention strategies. These strategies help in controlling the motor activity as well as in reducing stress among the child and teacher/guardian.